Find your ancestors in Royal Hibernian Military School admissions 1847-1932

What can these records tell me?

Includes information about students outside the normal admission details, such as whether they went on to enlist, what trade they were taught, and the name of their fathers’ regiments. There are also names of various pupils captured from the 1911 Irish census.

  • First name(s)
  • Last name
  • Age
  • Birth year
  • Birth date
  • Year
  • Admission date
  • Discharge date
  • Height
  • Weight
  • Chest size
  • Trade/occupation
  • Rank
  • Regiment
  • Father’s regiment
  • Father’s unit
  • Notes
  • Place

Did you know?

By searching in our Ireland Census 1901 and 1911 record sets by the location “Phoenix Park,” you can discover more pupils who were enrolled at RHMS. You can uncover age, birth place, religion, and literacy level, as well as family members by exploring these census records. Both can be found in the Useful Links & Resources section.

Royal Hibernian Military School

In 1765, following the Seven Years War, the philanthropic Hibernian Society opened the Hibernian Asylum, and in April 1769, the society petitioned and was granted a charter from King George III to open an establishment in the aid of orphans and children of soldiers. The Royal Hibernian Military School (RHMS), originally called the Hibernian Society of the Orphans and Children of Soldiers, located in Phoenix Park, Dublin, opened its doors in 1769 with 90 boys and 50 girls in attendance.

RHMS students fell into four different categories:

  • Orphan
  • Deceased father
  • Deceased mother
  • Both parents living (father possibly on foreign service) -- A contributing factor to the destitution of military families centered on those called away on assignments overseas. Only six families would be selected, by drawing lots, to accompany a battalion sent abroad. Those left behind were without support and easily fell into a state of destitution, which would lead them to call on the aid of RHMS.

By 1816, their numbers had soared to 600 students, due in large part to the casualties sustained during the Napoleonic Wars, and by 1922 the campus had expanded from three acres to thirty-three. The school remained coeducational up until 1853 when the female students left for enrollment in their own establishment, the Drummond School, located in the village of Chapelizod.

In the mid-nineteenth century, children as young as 12 could enlist in the Army but generally enlistment began at the age of fourteen for those who so desired it. The percentage of those who enlisted straight from school fluctuated over the years. Between 1800 and 1850 around seven percent enlisted. That number increased dramatically to fifty percent between 1850 and 1897.

Talks about moving the school to Northern Ireland began in 1921. However, the cost was prohibitive and so the school was moved to Shorncliffe, Kent, in 1922. Their original premises were then taken over by the newly founded Republic of Ireland. Having decided not to take on any new students, RHMS merged with the Duke of York’s Royal Military School in 1924.

Many of the school’s records, which were stored in London, were destroyed during the London blitz in 1940. Surviving admissions registers are now in The National Archives and have been transcribed by Peter Goble.

Lost Boys

Between 1832 and 1918, there were over three hundred boys rejected for admission. There were several reasons a child could be rejected, which were often included by the applicant’s name in the register. Some reasons for rejection include being mentally deficient, medically unfit, or failing to meet the required level of education. Note that some were registered for admission but failed to actually appear. There are records available for rejected applicants between 1840 and 1918. These applicants are often referred to as the “lost boys” of RHMS. The fate of these lost boys is unknown. The excessive poverty throughout the British Isles in the nineteenth century was pervasive and rejection from RHMS would have been a burden for any of the child’s surviving family.